The word Suiseki is an abbreviation of the team SANSUI KEISEKI which roughly translates as “Landscape stone”. They are small naturally occurring or shaped rocks and are similar to Chinese scholar’s rocks. Suiseki expresses the essence of the Japanese aesthetic. The most popular type of Suiseki are those stones that suggest a mountain, an island, a waterfall, a human or an animal figure. Suiseki are traditionally displayed either in carved wooden bases (Daiza) or in shallow ceramic or metal trays (Suiban).

Biseki are stones that have been altered by grinding, polishing, dyeing or cutting except for the bottom. These stones may have been carved or polished to bring out an embedded pattern or to deepen the stone colour.