The Palas of Bengal were the pioneers of miniature painting in India. The art of miniature painting reached its glory during the Mughal period. The tradition of miniature paintings was carried forward by the painters of different Rajasthani schools of painting like the Bundi, Kishangarh, Jaipur, Marwar and Mewar.
Miniature paintings are beautiful handmade paintings, which are quite colorful but small in size. The highlight of these paintings is the intricate and delicate brushwork, which lends them a unique identity. The colors are handmade, from minerals, vegetables, precious stones, indigo, conch shells, pure gold and silver.
It is on the subject of love stories. Some paintings from Vaishnav sect of Hindu religion and some are from Jain sect. The Paintings of Vaishnav sect are regarding various occasions of the life of Lord Krishna and Gopies. Vaishnav paintings of “Gita Govinda” is about Lord Krishna. The paintings of Jain sect is concerning to Jain Lords and religious subjects.
Characters with front face are not seen. Most of the human characters are seen with side profile. Big eyes, pointed nose and slim waist are the features of these paintings. The skin colours of human being are Brown and fair. The skin colour of the Lord Krishna is Blue. The colour of the hair and eyes is black. Women characters have long hair. Human characters have worn jewellery on the hand, nose, neck, hair, waist and ankles. Men and women wear the traditional Indian dress, slippers and shoes. Men wear turbans on their head. In these paintings trees, rivers, flowers, birds, the land, the sky, houses, traditional chairs, cushions, curtains, lamps, and human characters have been painted.
Madhubani Paintings (Mithila art)
Madhubani Art or Mithila Painting is practiced in the Mithila region of India(Bihar) and Nepal. Paintings are done with fingers, twigs, brushes, nib-pens, and matchsticks, using natural dyes and pigments. It is characterized by eye catching geometrical patterns. There is a ritual content for particular occasions such as birth, marriage and festivals such as Surface Shakti,Kali Pooja, Durga Pooja. This art was earlier created by women of the Bradman,Dusadh and Kayak communities in Mithila region of India.
Madhubani Art has five distinctive styles, namely
Use solid colours to shade and fill the picture.It uses black outlinesfilled with vibrant colours.
Katchni uses delicate fine lines to fill the painting with minimal use of colors.
This art form is mainly seen on the wasteclothes or on the walls of the scheduled caste people in Mithila.
Tantrik painting is distinguished from other styles of madhubani paintings because the subject it depicts are based solely on religious texts and characters related to them. Tantrik subject include manifestations of Mahadev Kali, Mahadev Durga, Mahadev Saraswati, Mahadev Laxmi and Mahadev Ganesha along with other Tantrik symbols .
The Kohbar Ghar is the room in which the painting is being traditionally done in the Mithila culture to bless a newlywed couple. The central theme of Kohbar paintingis love and prosperity. The paintings depictan assembly of symbolic images of the lotus plants, the bamboo grove,fishes,birds, snakes,besides those of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati.
Bird paintings bring you closer to nature as birds are nature’s wonderful creatures. From striking Red, blue and Yellow, birds are adorned with striking colors, which is truly mesmerizing. Humans looked at birds for the feeling of inspiration, freedom, and a longing for being united with the divine. The ability to fly and soar high up in the sky is closely associated with the ability to be near heavens, as well as the ability to serve as messengers from heavens.
Flowers evoke in all humansa feeling of beauty, grace, and a delicate, alive sensuality. Flowers also bring good luck, numerous blessings, and positivity.
Different colours of flowers have their different impacts on human lives. For example Red flowers represent passion and emotion; Orange, warmth and conversation; Yellow, truth and friendship; Green, growth and renewal; Blue, clarity and relaxation; Purple, spirituality and faith; White, innocence and strength.
Religious art or sacred art is artistic imagery using religious inspiration and motifs and is often intended to uplift the mind to the spiritual.